Launching the first year of comprehensively deepening reforms– China 2014 Preview ①
2014, the second year in office for China’s new leadership, is seen as China’s first year of comprehensively deepening reforms. At present, reform is a consensus in China. This year, schemes for many major reforms, including details of the income distribution reform and old-age pension, which are matters of national economy and people’s livelihood, will be released. Reform will give powerful energy to the 65-year-old People’s Republic of China,. Meanwhile, let’s see what reform can bring to the world.
1.The 65th anniversary of the People’s Republic: the first year of comprehensively deepening reform.
New China will celebrate its 65th anniversary this year. Against the background of the existence of various interest groups, reform becomes a consensus.
The year of 2013 is seen as the new start of China’s reforms. The Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party held in 2013, a “key conference” to update China’s reform , proposed the new view of “comprehensively deepening reforms”. Soon after that, The Decision on Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening Reforms was released. The word “reform” was mentioned 137 times in the 20,000-word document.
A blueprint was drawn and the curtain of reform was raised. Analysts said at least 23 of the 60 programs in 15 fields are being launched and details are being discussed.
The year of 2014 is seen as a year of comprehensively deepening reforms and a year to verify whether the above reforms could be implemented. People are expecting more in 2014, such as new “two-child” rules, details of income distribution reform, new-type urbanization project, reform of the real estate registration system, education reform, pension system and so on. Besides, the public are looking forward to new progress of national defense and army reforms.
2. Detailed rules for income distribution reform to be released and unification of pension systems in prospect
A document of reform guidelines on income distribution was published at the beginning of 2013 amid growing public concerns over a widening wealth gap. Details of the reform are expected to come out in 2014.
Xu Shaoshi, director of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), said at the recent National Development and Reform Work Conference that the NDRC will coordinate and promote the making of detailed rules for income distribution reform and make efforts to increase the wealth of urban and rural residents especially the lower-income group.
The National Bureau of Statistics reported China’s Gini coefficient for the first time in 2013: China’s Gini coefficient has been above 0.4 for 10 years, the internationally accepted alert line. The public are expecting to promote reform as soon as possible to narrow the income gap.
It should be noted that multi-tiered pension system, the most controversial topic of income distribution reform, will be solved this year. Yin Weimin, the minister of Human Resources and Social Security (HRSS), said at the Work Conference of National Human Resources and Social Security that in 2014 China will promote the pension system of the workers with government and government-sponsored institutions and focus on solving “multi-tiered” and “multi-layered” pension system problems.
Mo Shunhai, 59 years old, and Zhou Qunxing, a year younger, have been married for 34 years. Though Zhou is younger, she looks hoary-haired and morbid. Twenty-six years ago, she got systemic muscular atrophy. Till now, she has completely lost the capacity to take care of herself. Mo has never thought of forsaking her, but looks after her as carefully as possible. For years, he has held her hands tightly.
Recently, a candidate from Super Speaker, a renowned variety TV show, hits the Internet. She is An’ran, whose photos on Weibo are now popular for her pure and pretty appearance. She is now known as the best-looking “bald” beauty. Due to familial inheritance, she was diagnosed to be innately bald in her childhood. She has recorded for a number of hot shows, such as Extraordinary Dance, More Than Perfect, Wonderful Chinese, which build her fame among audience.
Fishing used to be a way to make a living, whereas it has become a kind of rite now. Yang Bin, who has been a fisherman for over 40 years, sees his identity change from a full-time fisherman to a part-time, the fish-catching method transformation from man-power to motor vessel then back to manpower sailing ship, the fishing period adjustment from the whole year to a month.
The recent Fashion Week has brought the topic, who is the “Chinese Icon”, to the public debate. Many bloggrs think that there is no real fashion icon in China, as artists usually gain their fame in showbiz first and in the fashion circle later. But…she is exceptional, who is crowned to be the “First IT GIRL in China” and “Fashion Bishop in China”.
In Xinye, Henan, which is famous for monkey tricks, this tradition is waning. Performances like this are marginalized by the urbanization and modern civilization. This photo series tells the story of performers and their monkeys.
Learning 3D photography by himself in his 80s, insisting on wandering by to take photos, taking 3D photos of over 100 scenic spots in Qingdao, having photo materials of seven computer hard disks, these are what he did. Liu Boyuan, a retired teacher in Qingdao is definitely a photography lover. At present, he is producing a 3D photograph album themed “A journey to Qingdao”.