Foreword

In June, 2013, the media in the UK, the United States and China's Hong Kong exposed the National Security Agency's clandestine surveillance program, codenamed PRISM, using documents released by the former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. The leaked information provoked shock and outrage. Subsequently, an investigation carried out by relevant Chinese authorities over several months confirmed the existence of snooping activities directed against China.

As a superpower, the United States takes advantage of its political, economic, military and technological hegemony to unscrupulously monitor other countries, including its allies. The United States' spying operations have gone far beyond the legal rationale of "anti-terrorism" and have exposed its ugly face of pursuing self-interest in complete disregard of moral integrity. These operations have flagrantly breached International laws, seriously infringed upon the human rights and put global cyber security under threat. They deserve to be rejected and condemned by the whole world.

The U.S. secret surveillance activities directed against China and other nations include:

-- Collecting nearly 5 billion mobile phone call records across the globe every day

-- Spying over German Chancellor Angela Merkel's cell phone for more than 10 years

-- Plugging into the main communication networks between Yahoo's and Google's overseas data centers, and stealing data of hundreds of millions of customers

-- Monitoring mobile phone apps for years and grabbing private data

-- Waging large-scale cyber attacks against China, with both Chinese leaders and the telecom giant Huawei as targets

Targets of U.S. surveillance include the Chinese government and Chinese leaders, Chinese companies, scientific research institutes, ordinary netizens, and a large number of cell phone users. China sticks to the path of peaceful development, and sees no justification for being targeted by America's secret surveillance under the guise of fighting terrorism.

America must explain its surveillance activities, cease spying operations that seriously infringe upon human rights and stop creating tension and hostility in global cyber space.

[ Editor: Jack ]