Chinese FM attends general debate of 77th session of UNGA, delivers speech

2022-September-26 14:33 By: Xinhua

UNITED NATIONS, Sept. 25 (Xinhua) -- Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi on Saturday called on the international community to make every effort for peace and development, and shoulder the responsibility for solidarity and progress.

While delivering a speech at the general debate of the 77th session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly, Wang said the world is at a time fraught with challenges.

The world has entered a new phase of turbulence and transformation, and changes unseen in a century are accelerating, Wang said, adding that this era, however, is also full of hope.

Peace and development remain the underlying trend of the times, and around the world, the people's call for progress and cooperation is getting louder than ever before, Wang said.

China's answer, Wang said, is firm and clear on how to respond to the call of the times and ride on the trend of history to build a community with a shared future for mankind advocated by Chinese President Xi Jinping.

First, countries must uphold peace and oppose war and turbulence, Wang said, calling on all countries to remain committed to addressing differences through peaceful means and resolving disputes through dialogue and consultation.

Second, countries must pursue development and eliminate poverty, Wang said. Noting the world should place development at the center of the international agenda and build international consensus on promoting development, Wang said that the world should see that everyone in every country benefits more from the fruits of development in a more equitable way.

Third, countries must remain open and oppose exclusion, Wang said, adding that countries should stay true to openness and inclusiveness, uphold the multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization at its core and endeavor to build an open world economy.

Fourth, countries must stay engaged in cooperation and oppose confrontation, Wang said. Urging countries to engage in dialogue, consultation and win-win cooperation, and reject conflict, coercion and zero-sum game, Wang stressed that countries should jointly oppose group politics and bloc confrontation.

Fifth, countries must strengthen solidarity and oppose division, Wang said, calling on the international community to stand against drawing lines on ideological grounds, and work together to expand common ground and convergence of interests to promote world peace and development.

Sixth, countries must uphold equity and oppose bullying, Wang said, adding that countries should promote and practice true multilateralism, promote equality of all countries in terms of rights, rules and opportunities, and build a new type of international relations featuring mutual respect, equity and justice, and win-win cooperation.

China, he said, is a builder of world peace. In the face of various challenges nowadays, Xi has put forward the Global Security Initiative, contributing China's vision to reducing the peace deficit facing humanity and providing China's input to meeting global security challenges, Wang added.

China is a contributor to global development, Wang said, adding that China has endeavored to build a system of high-standard opening-up and safeguard the security and stability of global industrial and supply chains.

Noting that China is a major trading partner of over 130 countries and regions, Wang pointed out that China contributes about 30 percent of annual global growth and is the biggest engine driving the global economy.

China is also an active participant in global governance and South-South cooperation, Wang said, noting that China has set up the China-UN Peace and Development Trust Fund and the Global Development and South-South Cooperation Fund. It has provided development aid to more than 160 countries in need, and extended more debt-service payments owed by developing countries than any other G20 member state.

China, Wang added, is a defender of the international order as the country always firmly safeguard the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and United Nations' central role in the international system, as well as the international order based on international law.

China has been involved in multilateral affairs in all fields and is a member of almost all universal inter-governmental organizations and a party to over 600 international conventions, Wang said, adding that China has concluded more than 27,000 bilateral treaties and fulfilled in good faith its international obligations.

China will continue to speak up for other developing countries, help them overcome difficulties and fully support efforts in raising the representation and say of developing countries in international affairs, Wang added.

China is a provider of public goods, Wang added. In the face of COVID-19, China has made all-out efforts to advance and engage in global cooperation against the pandemic, and has done its best to provide anti-pandemic supplies and shared its practices on combating the virus, he said.

China is among the first to promise making COVID-19 vaccines a global public good and to support waiving intellectual property rights on the vaccines, Wang noted, adding that China has provided over 2.2 billion doses of vaccines to more than 120 countries and international organizations.

In response to tough challenges confronting global development, President Xi proposed to advance high-quality Belt and Road cooperation, an initiative that has been widely endorsed by the international community, Wang said, adding that China has signed cooperation documents with 149 countries and 32 international organizations, and has also set up the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Silk Road Fund.

China also serves as a mediator of hotspot issues, Wang said. As a responsible major country, China strives to explore and practice a way with Chinese characteristic to resolve hotspot issues. While adhering to the principle of non-interference in others' domestic affairs and respecting the will and needs of the countries concerned, China has endeavored to help settle hotspot issues in a constructive way, he said.

On the Taiwan question, Wang stressed that since ancient times, Taiwan has been an inalienable part of China's territory.

China's sovereignty and territorial integrity has never been severed, and the fact that the mainland and Taiwan belong to one and same China has never changed, he said.

All of the Chinese have never ceased their efforts to realize China's reunification, he added.

The one-China principle, Wang said, has become a basic norm in international relations and a general consensus of the international community.

Fifty-one years ago, right in this august hall, the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 2758 with an overwhelming majority, which decided to restore the lawful seat of the People's Republic of China in the UN and to expel the "representatives" of the Taiwan authorities from the place which they had unlawfully occupied, Wang recalled.

Once and for all, Resolution 2758 resolved politically, legally and procedurally the issue of the representation of the whole of China, including Taiwan, in the UN and international institutions, and it completely blocked any attempt by anyone or any country to create "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan," Wang said.

China will continue to endeavor to achieve peaceful reunification with the greatest sincerity and greatest efforts, he said, adding that to realize this goal, China must combat "Taiwan independence" separatist activities with the firmest resolve and take the most forceful steps to repulse interference by external groups.

Any scheme to interfere in China's internal affairs is bound to meet the strong opposition of all the Chinese, and any move to obstruct China's cause of reunification is bound to be crushed by the wheels of history, he added.

Meanwhile, Wang said China is fully implementing a new development philosophy featuring innovative, coordinated, green and open development for all, and that it is pursuing high-quality development and fostering a new development paradigm.

China will enjoy sustained and sound development, usher in even brighter prospects, and make more splendid miracles come true, he said.

As China has one-fifth of the global population, its march toward modernization has important and far-reaching significance for the world, Wang said.

The path that China pursues is one of peace and development, not one of plunder and colonialism; it is a path of win-win cooperation, not one of zero-sum game; and it is one of harmony between man and nature, not one of destructive exploitation of resources, Wang said.

He added China will continue to contribute its input to meeting the challenges facing human development, and make its contribution to creating a new form of human advancement.

The Communist Party of China will convene its 20th National Congress in Beijing next month, Wang said, adding that this Congress will, in response to the expectation of all the Chinese people, set well-conceived goals and tasks for China's development in the next five years and beyond, and that it will draw an overarching plan for China's future development.

Having reached a new historical starting point, China will follow the Chinese path to modernization to achieve the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, Wang said.

China, Wang said, will work with other countries to make every effort for peace and development, shoulder the responsibility for solidarity and progress, build a community with a shared future for mankind, and embrace an even better world.

Wang, on the occasion, also announced that China has decided to launch its domestic procedure to ratify the United Nations' Firearms Protocol, a step that will contribute to strengthening global cooperation on gun control and closing the security deficit.

On the same day, Wang also met respectively with the president of the 77th session of the UN General Assembly and the foreign ministers of the Maldives, Egypt, Algeria, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and Costa Rica.

Editor: WXL
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