It’s neither a one-party system nor a multi-party system in China.
The political party system China has adopted is multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.
It is a political party system with Chinese characteristics.
The multi-party cooperation system is formed as an inevitable choice of the history of contemporary China.
Those other political parties in China, such as the China Zhi Gong Party, the Jiusan Society, etc., gradually aligned themselves to the political propositions of the Communist Party of China, and consciously accepted the leadership of the Communist Party of China.
The Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) is an important institution of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC.
Based on the principle of “long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, treating each other with sincerity and sharing each other’s weal and woe,” this political party system carries the basic features of “multi-party cooperation under the leadership of the CPC, with the CPC holding power and the other eight parties participating fully in state affairs”.
This system shows a new form of consultative democracy, it ensures wide-ranging, continuous and in-depth participation of non-CPC parties in the political life of the state, and demonstrates the unique political advantage and strong vitality of China’s socialist democracy.